Physiotherapy in Sport Injury Prevention and Treatment

The prosperity of Mississauga in terms of infrastructure has made sporting a vital part of the local culture. Sports allow for people to exercise, relax, compete, stay healthy and socialize. The activities can however be too demanding on the body such that an individual becomes susceptible to injuries. Most of these sports injuries are caused by impact, overuse or forceful movement that the body cannot withstand. Such injuries can therefore be categorized as either chronic or acute depending on the cause.

Most of these injuries can assuredly be treated and prevented by professional Mississauga physiotherapy enabling the individual to get back to their sporting activities in no time. There are various types of sports injuries which are assessed by the extent of swelling, pain and functional disability including:

Joint Injuries: Such an injury is caused by the partial or full displacement of a bone from its socket. It can also include a mild subluxation where the dislocated bone returns to its position but result in pain and swelling.

Knee Injuries: These are very common with track athletes as well as other sportsmen and usually involve stiffness and swelling. It sometimes affects the tendons, cartilage or ligaments.

Hand and Wrist Injuries: These are similar to knee injuries although they are more common with sportspeople who play racquet or other hand-involving games.

Muscular Injuries: They normally relate to tearing of muscle fibers due to overstretching and are therefore also called strains. The common muscles affected include, quadriceps, hamstrings, calf and groin muscles. Such injuries can also be due to bruising (hematomas) caused by direct impact.

Shoulder Injuries: These are injuries caused by strain of the shoulder muscles or dislocations of the joint due to great force applied during racquet games or golf.

Back Injuries: Can result from overuse of certain sports equipment or from the improper workouts and these may cause discomfort and pain in the back.

Hip Injuries: Such injuries are common with runners and sprinters who tend to strain their lower backs and the thigh region due to increased movement of the pelvic area.

Sport Physiotherapy Treatments

  • Ice Application: Application of an ice pack is a quick relief rehabilitative procedure mainly used by physiotherapists to reduce pain and swelling in acute sport injuries.
  • Nerve Stimulation: This is done using a small electrical device that passes current over the injured area to relieve the pain through tingling sensations.
  • Massage: The most common Mississauga physiotherapy involves hands-on soft tissue mobilization by the therapist so as to reduce tissue adhesion, relax the muscles, ease the pain and lessen the swelling.
  • Hot Pack Application: In some cases, the rehabilitation may involve hot packs applied for about fifteen minutes to help relieve the pain and stiffness.
  • Ultrasound: Sometimes an ultrasound machine is used to drive vibrations through the individual’s body to heat deeper tissues hence soften them and quicken the healing process.
  • Motion Exercises: These are preventive techniques employed by the therapist so as to increase the range of motion of the joints and muscles in order to reduce stiffness. They also help to make rehabilitation process faster.
  • Patient Education and Training: A patient is instructed about specific sport injuries, prevention, precautions and activity modification for effective sport physiotherapy and recovery.

You can learn in greater details about different treatment options physiotherapy has to offer for sports injuries related to functional mobility.

Sport physiotherapy also helps reduce the risk of injuries through campaigning for use of protective gear, drinking plenty of fluids, cross-training, allowing ample recovery time and getting checked regularly.

Learn more about other services offered at our Mississauga physiotherapy clinic.

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