Physiotherapy, also known as physical therapy or physio, is a rehabilitative procedure that uses physical techniques to promote wellbeing and healing. It aims at restoring an individual’s proper body functions or reducing the impact of dysfunction due to injury or disease while also increasing mobility. Physiotherapists are medical personnel proficient in physiology, anatomy and neuroscience and are therefore able to diagnose, treat, rehabilitate and even prevent physical problems in their patients.
A therapist works with patients of all ages, assisting them with movement disorders as well as educating them on how to manage their health. Although a doctor would rarely refer a patient to a physiotherapist, they are crucially involved in specific treatments and need therefore to be qualified and registered under the law. To learn more about what to expect from a physical therapy treatment check Canadian Physiotherapy Association website.
Type of Physical Therapies
In Mississauga, physical therapists normally practice three types of therapies; Musculoskeletal, Neurological and Cardiothoracic.
This is ideally, therapy of the muscles, joints and bones and is therefore also called orthopedic therapy. The procedure treats conditions such as arthritis, sprains, back pain, bursitis, sports and work injuries, incontinence, reduced mobility and posture problems. It may also involve rehabilitation after surgery to restore normal form, movement and stability.
This is therapy meant to treat nervous system disorders such as stroke, spinal cord and head injuries, multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease. In order to repair neural junctions and restore normal transmission, the process can also be backed by rehabilitation after a surgery.
It is used purposely to treat cardio-respiratory disorders such as emphysema, asthma and chronic bronchitis. The process is meant to ensure proper heart and circulatory system functioning such that there is efficient oxygen and nutrients transportation through the blood as well as waste removal. It also takes care of breathing organs in a similar manner.
Conditions Treated by Physiotherapy
A Mississauga doctor can refer a patient to a physiotherapist in case of any of the following diseases and conditions.
Back Pains: Physical therapy Mississauga clinic can help in management of this common and debilitating condition through a variety of therapies such as massage, manipulation and mobilization. The therapist also teaches the patient to manage the pain, through activity prescriptions while also equipping them with strategies to prevent recurrence.
Lower Back Pains: These are pains that arise especially during pregnancy when the baby bump results in posture changes, loosening of ligaments and excess movement of the pelvis. These changes result in lower back pain which can best be treated through massages and back-strengthening exercises directed by a therapist or trained person.
Heart Disease: Physiotherapy can also help alleviate onset of heart condition through a calibrated treatment program that involves weight management, smoking cessation and cholesterol control. Therapy can also be done on patients who have suffered severe heart problems such as heart attack.
Asthma: After diagnosis and professional consultation, asthma patients can be placed under therapeutic care so that they are trained to breathe calmly and advised on the kinds of physical activities they should practice in order to manage the disease.
Osteoporosis: Elderly people especially women prone to this condition are advised to seek help of a physiotherapist early enough so as to prevent serious complications. The condition degrades bone structures and reduces their strength but physical therapy Mississauga clinic pactitioners can reduce fracture damage by way of diet and strengthening exercises.
Incontinence: Physical therapy can also help both women and men quickly recover from urinary continence trough exercises meant to strengthen the pelvic floor muscles. It can also be done through electrical stimulation, biofeedback or nutritional advice.
Knee Pain: Therapy can be used to reduce the swelling and pain felt on a knee or ankle through motion-restorative procedures and exercises. The therapy also works to condition the muscle and help the individual quickly return to their active life while also giving them a means to prevent future injury.
Shoulder Pain: Physiotherapy is also helpful for people who play racquet games as it helps them recover from sore and tender elbow or shoulder pains. The therapy program is designed to first reduce the pain then develop an exercise program to lessen the symptoms and prevent recurrence.
Physical therapy Mississauga professionals also ideally helps to control and treat many more complications such as arthritis, neck pains, stroke, Fibromyalgia and diabetes. It is important also for patients to realize that they do not need a doctor’s referral to see a physiotherapist with regards to any of these conditions. For the concerned Mississauga residents, there are quite a number of qualified physical therapists in the area who can be found in a variety of places comprising nursing homes, sports clubs, regular hospitals, private practices and general practice surgeries.
In summary, watch the following video to learn about what can be treated by a phisiotherapist and what not.
Click here to learn about Car Accident Rehabilitation with physiotherapy.